Business Patterns CX_PHRASE

Vocabulary - CX_PHRASE

"The meaning of a word is its use in language" (quotation: Wittgenstein, L., Schriften I., Frankfurt a.M., Suhrkamp 1969, p.311, §43)

An object of type CX_PHRASE models a word (morpheme) or a multi-word statement (expression) in a language and the font(s) used in that language (graphical transcription). The meaning of these characters (in its use) is modeled using objects of type CX_SIGNIFICATION.

In Japanese, for example, a similar pronunciation for a similar meaning can be expressed by words from different written transcriptions (Kanji, Hiragana or Katagana).

CX_PHRASE and CX_SIGNIFICATION objects are connected via "clearingObjects". One CX_PHRASE object of one language can reference several CX_SIGNIFICATION objects (see example below with the German word "Kiel": on the one hand it denotes the proper name of the city of Kiel in Northern Germany, on the other hand it refers to the

line from bow to stern of a ship).

From the viewpoint of a CX_PHRASE object, the

Connection to CX_SIGNIFICATION object modeled via a wrapper. In this wrapper, the gender (genus) of nouns can be overwritten, for example. The word "keel" is a male noun in relation to the meaning object of a ship's keel (genus).


The connection object (the wrapper of type CX_OVERWRITING_REF) between the word (CX_PHRASE object) and the meaning (CX_SIGNIFICATION object) models the use of a word.

A different use of a word often entails a different grammatical category, in the above example the German word "Kiel" is on the one hand a masculine noun, in the other case a proper noun.

A word can also be used differently by different pronunciation, which changes its meaning. In German, the word "Tenor" has the meaning as a singer (emphasis on the second syllable) and the meaning as a leitmotif (emphasis on the first syllable) due to different emphasis. In Japanese, for example, there is the different ON or KUN reading for the same characters.

Consequently, the pronunciation of a word (the phonetic transcription) is also modelled within the wrapper (standardised by the IPA: International Phonetic Association).

The connection object thus determines the following properties:

  • Language variety
  • Type of word (noun, ...) and thus also genus, singular/plural form, etc.

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